What is ADHD
ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects both children and adults.
It is characterized by persistent patterns of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity that interfere with daily life.
Problems Children Face with ADHD:
Difficulty paying attention, staying organized, and following instructions.
Impulsiveness, leading to hasty decisions and risk-taking behaviour.
Hyperactivity, making it challenging to sit still or engage in quiet activities.
Struggles in school, including poor academic performance and disruptive behaviour.
Social challenges, like making and maintaining friendships.
Low self-esteem and emotional dysregulation.
Treatment for ADHD:
Stimulants (e.g., methylphenidate, amphetamine-based drugs) to improve focus and reduce hyperactivity.
Non-stimulants (e.g., atomoxetine) for those who don't respond well to stimulants.
Parent Training: Teaches parents effective strategies to manage their child's behaviour.
Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT): Helps children develop coping skills and manage impulsivity.
Social Skills Training: Enhances social interactions and relationships.
Occupational Therapy (OT):
Focuses on improving fine motor skills, organization, and sensory processing.
Can help children develop daily routines and cope with sensory sensitivities.
Individualized Education Plans (IEPs) in school to provide necessary support.
Consistent routines and structure.
Adequate sleep, balanced diet, and regular exercise.
Support and Monitoring:
Regular follow-ups with healthcare professionals to adjust treatment as needed.
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