Applied Behavioural Analysis or ABA is the treatment approach for Autism and related developmental disorders that is currently used widely worldwide. ABA is considered an evidence-based “best” practice treatment.Children with Autism who are in ABA programs do indeed learn many of the skills on which they are trained.
ABA therapy is used to increase language and communication skills. It is also used to improve attention, focus, social skills, memory, and academics. ABA can be used to help decrease problem behaviours.
ABA focuses on behaviours, it includes many different techniques. All of these techniques focus on antecedents (what happens before a behaviour occurs) and on consequences (what happens after the behaviour). Applied behaviour analysis (ABA) is the use of these techniques and principles to bring about meaningful and positive change in behaviour
A detailed curriculum is designed for each child to cover areas such as expressive and receptive language skills, pre-academics and self-help skills. These skills are then broken down into component steps and ‘discrete trials’ performed (i.e. same task is repeated over and over) until the child learns each component and eventually the full sequence. Due to its intensive nature, ABA is performed one -on -one and usually continued at home.
In particular, ABA principles and techniques can foster basic skills such as looking, listening and imitating, as well as complex skills such as reading, conversing and understanding another person’s perspective.